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Difference between revisions of "VM" - Sit

Difference between revisions of "VM"

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(Image:Download.png Download)
 
Line 8: Line 8:
 
===Requirements===
 
===Requirements===
 
* Computer with minimum VMware Player, VMware Server 2.x or VMware Workstation 6.x installed.
 
* Computer with minimum VMware Player, VMware Server 2.x or VMware Workstation 6.x installed.
* 384MB free memory to run the VM image.
+
* 512MB free memory to run the VM image.
 
* 2GB + Storage (the virtual disk is 15GB + 60GB but not fully allocated, for full functionality you are required 75GB free diskspace).
 
* 2GB + Storage (the virtual disk is 15GB + 60GB but not fully allocated, for full functionality you are required 75GB free diskspace).
  
Line 21: Line 21:
 
* <code>situpdate</code> - Try out the [[Unreleased|bleeding edge]] version of SiT!. This will update the installation to SVN. If you don't know what SVN is, you shouldn't use this.
 
* <code>situpdate</code> - Try out the [[Unreleased|bleeding edge]] version of SiT!. This will update the installation to SVN. If you don't know what SVN is, you shouldn't use this.
 
* <code>sitaddplugin</code> - This will help you download a plugin from the SVN see the [[Plugins_Directory]] for which you can download
 
* <code>sitaddplugin</code> - This will help you download a plugin from the SVN see the [[Plugins_Directory]] for which you can download
* <code>sitproduction</code> - This will turn your VM into a production ready server. It'll reset the passwords and ask you to enter new ones, change IP etc.
+
* <code>sitproduction</code> - This will turn your VM into a production ready server. It'll reset the passwords and ask you to enter new ones, change IP etc. This will also configure the outbound mailserver.  
  
 
Finally we've added a small man page, just type ''man sit'' in the shell.
 
Finally we've added a small man page, just type ''man sit'' in the shell.
Line 31: Line 31:
 
* For accessing the SiT! web page go to <code>http://</code>''<your ip>''<code>/</code>, Username: ''admin'', Password: ''sit''.
 
* For accessing the SiT! web page go to <code>http://</code>''<your ip>''<code>/</code>, Username: ''admin'', Password: ''sit''.
 
* Access to phpmyadmin, Username: ''root'', Password: ''sit''.
 
* Access to phpmyadmin, Username: ''root'', Password: ''sit''.
 +
* SiT database credentials : Username: ''sit'', Password: ''sit''.
  
 
===Tools===
 
===Tools===
Line 108: Line 109:
  
 
This step gives you the ability to change LOCALE and keyboard settings.
 
This step gives you the ability to change LOCALE and keyboard settings.
 +
 +
Read the FAQ below on how to setup the LOCALE
  
 
For the rest of the settings; if you don't have any specified needs or are in doubt, just hit enter.
 
For the rest of the settings; if you don't have any specified needs or are in doubt, just hit enter.
Line 124: Line 127:
  
 
After several years of intense usage of SiT on the VM, the database grows larger and attachements take more space, what to do about that?.
 
After several years of intense usage of SiT on the VM, the database grows larger and attachements take more space, what to do about that?.
 +
 +
The following section also has a [http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jsuddwelGUo video tutorial]
  
 
===Database moving===
 
===Database moving===
 
You can move the database to another drive, but adding an additional to the VM while it's offline (newer versions of VM might be able to do this online).
 
You can move the database to another drive, but adding an additional to the VM while it's offline (newer versions of VM might be able to do this online).
  
to move the database:
+
====Add a new Disk====
 +
This guide is based on the VMWare Player v3, other versions might differ.
 +
 
 +
* To add a new disk in VM, first take the VM offline, by shutting down the VM.
 +
* Go to the interface, and right click on SiT_v3.62 (or what the machine is called) and click '''Virtual Machine settings...'''
 +
* Click the '''Add...''' in the Hardware pane (If you get a windows security popup here, click accept/yes)
 +
* Choose '''Hard Disk''' and click Next
 +
* Make sure '''Create a new virtual disk''' is selected (Advanced users may choose otherwise) and click Next
 +
* Choose '''SCSI''' and click Next
 +
* Choose your size of disk, I'll be choosing 20GB for this example, click next if the rest looks good to you.
 +
* Choose a name for it so you can identify the disk later, my choice will be "SiT_v3.62_DB.vmdk" and click finish.
 +
* Click OK to get back to the main screen, and turn on the SiT VM
 +
 
 +
 
 +
====Prepare the new disk in ubuntu====
 +
Figure out what the new disk is called
 +
<code><pre>
 +
sudo fdisk -l
 +
</pre></code>
 +
 
 +
It should tell you:
 +
* Disk /dev/sdc doesn't contain a valid partition table
 +
 
 +
Partition the new disk
 +
 
 +
<code><pre>
 +
sudo fdisk /dev/sdc
 +
</pre></code>
 +
 
 +
* n  # New partition
 +
* p  # Primary partition
 +
* 1  # First partition number
 +
* <nowiki><enter></nowiki>  # Choose first cylinder. default 1
 +
* <nowiki><enter></nowiki>  # Choose last cylinder. default 2610 for my 20GB disk in this example. This will differ depending on your own size
 +
* t  # Change the type of partition
 +
* 8e # Choose the Linux LVM
 +
* p  # Display the chosen settings
 +
* w  # Write the drive settings
 +
 
 +
Create the LVM partition
 +
<code><pre>
 +
sudo pvcreate /dev/sdc1
 +
</pre></code>
 +
 
 +
Create the VolumeGroup named "database"
 +
<code><pre>
 +
sudo vgcreate database /dev/sdc1
 +
</pre></code>
 +
 
 +
Create the LVM partition named "mydatabase" in the volumegroup "database", with size almost 20GB
 +
<code><pre>
 +
sudo lvcreate -L19.99G -n mydatabase database
 +
</pre></code>
 +
 
 +
Format the new drive with ext4 filesystem
 +
<code><pre>
 +
sudo mkfs.ext4 /dev/database/mydatabase
 +
</pre></code>
 +
 
 +
Create a new directory that serves as a mountpoint for the new drive
 +
<code><pre>
 +
sudo mkdir /var/lib/mydatabase
 +
</pre></code>
 +
 
 +
Mount the disk to the newly created mountpoint, and check that it's mounted
 +
<code><pre>
 +
sudo mount /dev/database/mydatabase /var/lib/mydatabase
 +
sudo mount
 +
</pre></code>
 +
 
 +
You should now see a line saying : ''/dev/mapper/database-mydatabase on /var/lib/mydatabase type ext4 (rw)''
 +
 
 +
Edit fstab so this mount will happen in every boot
 +
<code><pre>
 +
sudo nano /etc/fstab
 +
</pre></code>
 +
 
 +
Go to the bottom, if it's a blank line start typing, if not go to the end of the current line and hit the enter key.
 +
<code><pre>
 +
/dev/database/mydatabase /var/lib/mydatabase ext4 rw 0 1
 +
</pre></code>
 +
 
 +
Hold down '''CTRL''' while pressing the '''X''' key, answer '''y''' and hit '''enter''' this will save and exit
 +
 
 +
Reboot and see if the drive automounts
 +
<code><pre>
 +
sudo reboot
 +
</pre></code>
 +
 
 +
* Login
 +
* Check if it's mounted
 +
<code><pre>
 +
sudo mount
 +
</pre></code>
 +
 
 +
Now you can start moving the database
 +
 
 +
====Move the Database to the new disk====
 +
 
 
* Stop the mysql server  
 
* Stop the mysql server  
<code><pre># sudo /etc/init.d/mysql stop</pre></code>
+
<code><pre># sudo stop mysql</pre></code>
 
* edit the mysql config file
 
* edit the mysql config file
 
<code><pre># sudo nano /etc/mysql/my.cn</pre></code>
 
<code><pre># sudo nano /etc/mysql/my.cn</pre></code>
* Change the following line to your new path
+
* Find the datadir (CTRL-W and search for datadir)
 
<code><pre>datadir        = /var/lib/mysql</pre></code>
 
<code><pre>datadir        = /var/lib/mysql</pre></code>
 +
Set it to
 +
<code><pre>datadir        = /var/lib/mydatabase/mysql</pre></code>
 +
* Create a new directory to store the databases
 +
<code><pre>sudo mkdir /var/lib/mydatabase/mysql</pre></code>
 
* move /var/lib/mysql to your new path
 
* move /var/lib/mysql to your new path
 +
<code><pre>sudo mv /var/lib/mysql /var/lib/mydatabase/mysql</pre></code>
 
* check if the mysql folder is owned by mysql:mysql, else do a  
 
* check if the mysql folder is owned by mysql:mysql, else do a  
 
<code><pre># sudo chown -R mysql:mysql /newpath/mysql</pre></code>
 
<code><pre># sudo chown -R mysql:mysql /newpath/mysql</pre></code>
 +
* If you haven't uninstalled apparmor you'll need to edit the protection there too
 +
** Start by shutting down apparmor
 +
<code><pre># sudo /etc/init.d/apparmor stop</pre></code>
 +
** Edit the apparmor config file for mysql
 +
** edit the lines that say '''/var/lib/mysql''' change to '''/var/lib/mydatabase/mysql''' (there should be 2)
 +
<code><pre># sudo nano /etc/apparmor.d/usr.sbin.mysql</pre></code>
 +
* Start apparmor
 +
<code><pre># sudo /etc/init.d/apparmor start</pre></code>
 
* start the mysql server again  
 
* start the mysql server again  
<code><pre># sudo /etc/init.d/mysql start</pre></code>
+
<code><pre># sudo start mysql</pre></code>
  
  
 +
If the MySQL server doesn't seem to start, try rebooting the VM
  
 
===Expanding disk===
 
===Expanding disk===
{{cleanup}}
+
This is a step by step guide that works with partitions, so be very careful, and keep in mind that though this is a guide and it's been tested, it's not guaranteed that it'll work on your system, (make a backup of your VM just to be safe).
Here a guide on how to expand the LVM drive, on the 60GB disk, will come
+
 
 +
This guide will only show how to expand the original 60GB disk where the SiT website + attachments are stored.
 +
 
 +
In this example I'll upgrade the drive to 80GB. I've typed in 80GB in the VM player editing the Hard Disk 2, see how [[VM#Expanding_the_logical_disk_in_VM|below]]
 +
 
 +
====Expanding the logical disk in VM====
 +
First you need to make the logical disk larger through the VM, this is done like this (guide from VMWare Player).
 +
* Start VMware Player
 +
* Right click the SiT VM '''SiT_V3.62'''  and click ''Virtual Machine Settings''
 +
* Left click ''Hard Disk 2'' and you'll see some options to the right side of the window.
 +
* Click the button ''Utilities'' and click ''Expand...''
 +
* Enter the new size and click ''Expand'' (I've written 80GB for this example)
 +
* Click ''OK'' and start the SiT VM
 +
 
 +
====Expanding the drive in Ubuntu====
 +
First of all, ''Make sure that you've backed up all the data from /var/www''
 +
 
 +
Start by checking that the OS actually sees the new size.
 +
<code><pre>
 +
sudo fdisk -l
 +
</pre></code>
 +
 
 +
Alot of text is output, but I see on one of the lines
 +
 
 +
<code>
 +
Disk /dev/sdb 85.9 GB, 85899345920 bytes
 +
</code>
 +
 
 +
Start by unmounting the extended drive
 +
<code><pre>
 +
sudo umount /var/www
 +
</pre></code>
 +
 
 +
Delete the partition and remake it again (all data should still be there when done)
 +
<code><pre>
 +
sudo fdisk /dev/sdb
 +
</pre></code>
 +
 
 +
* d  # This will delete the partition
 +
* n  # Create new partition
 +
* p  # Create primary partition
 +
* 1  # Choose partition number 1
 +
* <nowiki><enter></nowiki>  # Select first cylinder (default) 1
 +
* <nowiki><enter></nowiki>  # Select last cylinder (default) 10443 (this size might differ depending on your choice of size)
 +
* t  # Change the type of partition
 +
* 8e # Choose the Linux LVM
 +
* p  # Display the chosen settings
 +
* w  # Write changes to disk
 +
 
 +
If you get an error that there device is busy, reboot the VM.
 +
<code><pre>
 +
sudo reboot
 +
</pre></code>
 +
 
 +
Resize the physical volume, to its maximum (other options are available but not explained here)
 +
<code><pre>
 +
sudo pvresize /dev/sdb1
 +
</pre></code>
 +
 
 +
Resize the LVM drive (choosing 80GB you'll need 1 extend, which is why I've chosen 79.99GB, another option is to ''sudo lvextend -L+20GB /dev/webroot/www''
 +
<code><pre>
 +
sudo lvextend -L79.99GB /dev/webroot/www
 +
</pre></code>
 +
 
 +
Now the last thing we need to do is resize the filesystem
 +
<code><pre>
 +
sudo resize2fs /dev/webroot/www
 +
</pre></code>
 +
 
 +
Now we can see if it's actually the chosen size
 +
<code><pre>
 +
sudo df -h
 +
</pre></code>
 +
 
 +
This is how my system looks like after resize
 +
 
 +
<pre>
 +
Filesystem            Size  Used Avail Use% Mounted on
 +
/dev/mapper/sit-root  14G  1.2G  13G  9% /
 +
none                  244M  184K  244M  1% /dev
 +
none                  249M    0  249M  0% /dev/shm
 +
none                  249M  48K  249M  1% /var/run
 +
none                  249M    0  249M  0% /var/lock
 +
none                  249M    0  249M  0% /lib/init/rw
 +
/dev/sda1            228M  34M  182M  16% /boot
 +
/dev/mapper/webroot-www
 +
                      79G  200M  75G  1% /var/www
 +
</pre>
  
 
==Pros and Cons==
 
==Pros and Cons==
Line 224: Line 428:
 
</pre></code>
 
</pre></code>
 
Follow the guide (you should probably choose "Internet" when asked)
 
Follow the guide (you should probably choose "Internet" when asked)
 +
 +
=== I have network problems ===
 +
I don't get an IP address or it doesn't show.  My networking is broken.
 +
 +
When moving the VM from the VMware player to VMware server there might be some network problems, i.e. no IP address.
 +
We've made a small script that fixes that.
 +
<code><pre>
 +
sudo fixnetwork
 +
</pre></code>
  
 
== Bugs ==
 
== Bugs ==
Line 232: Line 445:
  
 
and report a bug there.
 
and report a bug there.
 +
 +
== Disclaimer ==
 +
The VM represents two products, SiT! and Ubuntu. If you have problems with anything other than SiT!, you should look at the Ubuntu forums for answer.
 +
We only  support the SiT! software on the VM, Ubuntu is supported elsewhere.
 +
You can ask for Ubuntu help in the SiT! forums, but chances are that you get better answers regarding Ubuntu in their forums.
  
 
== [[Image:Download.png]] Download ==
 
== [[Image:Download.png]] Download ==
* [http://sourceforge.net/projects/sitracker/files/stable/3.62/VMware_SiT_3.62.7z/download Download SiT! VMware image v3.62] 350MiB [http://sourceforge.net/projects/sitracker/files/stable/3.62/VMware_SiT_3.62.7z.md5/download md5] <small>([http://sitracker.org/vm/VMware_SiT_3.62.7z mirror] [http://sitracker.org/vm/VMware_SiT_3.62.7z.md5 md5])</small> ([[ReleaseNotes362|Release notes]])
+
 
 +
Release version
 +
* [http://sourceforge.net/projects/sitracker/files/stable/3.66/VMware_SiT_v3.66.7z/download Download SiT! VMware image v3.66] 530MiB [http://sourceforge.net/projects/sitracker/files/stable/3.66/VMware_SiT_3.66.7z.md5/download md5] <small>([http://sitracker.org/vm/VMware_SiT_3.67p1.7z mirror] [http://sitracker.org/vm/VMware_SiT_3.67p1.7z.md5 md5])</small> ([[ReleaseNotes367|Release notes]])
 +
 
 +
 
 +
Old Version that has split files in max 2GB for legacy filesystems (FAT32) - To use latest SiT with this version, run '''sitreset''' from the shell
 +
* [http://sourceforge.net/projects/sitracker/files/stable/3.63/VMware_SiT_v3.63p1.7z/download Download SiT! VMware image v3.63] 350MiB [http://sourceforge.net/projects/sitracker/files/stable/3.63/VMware_SiT_3.63p1.7z.md5/download md5] <small>([http://sitracker.org/vm/VMware_SiT_3.63p1.7z mirror] [http://sitracker.org/vm/VMware_SiT_3.63p1.7z.md5 md5])</small> ([[ReleaseNotes363|Release notes]])
  
 
''Compressed using [http://www.7-zip.org/ 7-zip] for a smaller download.''
 
''Compressed using [http://www.7-zip.org/ 7-zip] for a smaller download.''
  
 
* <small>[http://cdimage.ubuntu.com/releases/10.04/release/source/ubuntu-10.04-src-1.iso Download ubuntu source 10.04 DVD]  2.6gb [http://sitracker.org/vm/ubuntu-10.04-src-1.iso mirror] ''Not required unless you want to compile the operating system source yourself!''</small>
 
* <small>[http://cdimage.ubuntu.com/releases/10.04/release/source/ubuntu-10.04-src-1.iso Download ubuntu source 10.04 DVD]  2.6gb [http://sitracker.org/vm/ubuntu-10.04-src-1.iso mirror] ''Not required unless you want to compile the operating system source yourself!''</small>
 +
 +
 +
* Virtualbox Image [http://sitracker.org/vm/SiT_v3.63p1.ova.7z Virtualbox] 733MB [http://sitracker.org/vm/SiT_v3.63p1.ova.7z.md5 Virtualbox MD5]
  
 
== See Also ==
 
== See Also ==
 
* [http://www.vmware.com/appliances/directory/473453 VMware Virtual Appliance Marketplace listing]
 
* [http://www.vmware.com/appliances/directory/473453 VMware Virtual Appliance Marketplace listing]
 +
* [http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jsuddwelGUo video tutorial]

Latest revision as of 16:50, 10 November 2013

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